The Second Legion Augusta - LEG II AVG
The Legion was named after the emperor
Augustus. The Capricorn, his birthsign, was one of their symbols.
Left: the standard of the legion.
Many roof tiles were stamped with
mark of the legion.
Four Legions took part in the invasion of Britain in AD43. They were:
XXth Valeria Victrix
The IInd Augusta were first based in the South West of England, where they attacked hill forts. They built a camp at Exeter - which they named Isca.
They were then sent to Wales to deal with the powerful Silures, this tribe used the difficult terrain to their advantage.
In AD 75 the first barracks were built at Caerleon (also named Isca). The site was chosen as it was about as far inland as the Roman ships could bring supplies.
Troops from Caerleon were posted to many parts of the country. Some were responsible for building sections of Hadrian's Wall.
The Legion left Isca (Caerleon) some time around AD 290. Before they left, they demolished the main buildings.