WERE CENTURIAL STONES?
of the buildings in Roman Caerleon were constructed by the soldiers
themselves. In fact, members of Caerleon's Second Legion Augusta built
parts of Hadrian's Wall. The men worked under the leadership of their
centurion. Each century (eighty men) was responsible for a different
section of a structure. Centurial stones were built into structures
to mark the men's labours.
other stones had previously been discovered commemorating the work of
soldiers under the command of Rufinius. They were both found in the
walls of the amphitheatre and are dated to the late 1st century AD.
One, pictured below, was more elaborately executed. This was probably
produced for (permanent) display. 'Our' stone, however, would have been
plastered over. It is possible that it was originally part of the fabric
of the amphitheatre, and that, like so much of the stone in Caerleon,
it was 'robbed out'.